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INTRODUCTION

GENERAL BACKGROUND

 History

 Definitions

ANALYSIS

 Reasons

 Strategies

 Categories

 Pros/Cons

 Best Practices

 Implementation

 Future

SYSTEMIC IMPACT

IMPLICATIONS

CONCLUSIONS

RECOMMENDATIONS

REFERENCES

APPENDICES

AUTHOR NOTES

TABLES

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Trends and Issues: The Impact of Learning Objects

Implementation of Learning Objects (LOs)


Figure 4: The Learning-Object Economy, 2003

Implementation of LOs varies because of the availability or sharing of LOs between or within companies. Johnson states, unless we create an economy of content in which individuals and organizations can acquire, adapt, and repurpose content; the industry will not be successful. The idea of creating exchanges where everyone could contribute or use LOs would allow for more use of LOs. Every economy is based on markets, and a vibrant learning object economy would likely have at least five, each operating under a different exchange approach. The following are the five approaches he suggests
(http://download.macromedia.com/pub/solutions/downloads/elearning/elusive_vision.pdf, 2003):

  • Proprietary exchanges used exclusively for and individual company or industry.
  • Commercial exchanges used by end users and aggregators who purchase content under specific licenses that allow them to use the objects in clearly defined ways.
  • Free exchanges are primarily used and created in the academic world, but getting funds to support this cause has been hard to find. In addition, quality is not always very good.
  • Shared exchanges have been created to help raise the quality of the LOs by using standards such as SCORM. Often the LOs are only available to the groups who create them.
  • Peer-to-peer exchanges are on the horizon and would use networks like Kazaa or other post-Napster variations. (Software application for peer-to-peer networking at http://www.etrafficsolutions.com/products/izooloo/)

Information websites that give various places to find LOs at
http://learnware.uwaterloo.ca/projects/CCCO/cloe_about_find.html and
http://elearning.utsa.edu/guides/LO-repositories.htm).

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